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Types of Scars & How to Treat Them

by LeAnn Cyr |

Scars on your body can be really frustrating, and sometimes unappealing to the eye. Whether you have scars from a previous injury, illness, or condition, everybody’s scars look different and undergo different phases depending on the size and depth of the wound, genetics, sex and ethnicity. Scars are a part of the healing process, and most times they never go away. If you want to try to treat them, or reduce their appearance, there are several options to choose from. First, let’s look at the four types of scars:

Atrophic Scars

Atrophic scars heal below the normal layer of skin tissue and result in an indented scar. They form when the skin cannot regenerate tissue correctly. As a result, it leaves behind imbalanced scarring. These scars are often the result of chickenpox or acne, and can also form after having a mole removed or other types of surgical procedures. Within the atrophic scar category, there are 3 distinct types. Some atrophic scars may have the appearance of a deep pore, also known as icepick scars. Others could be flat-bottomed scars that resemble chickenpox scars are defined as boxcar scars. Or, they can be rolling scars commonly identified by a lack of distinct edges, typically located in the cheek region.

Hypertrophic Scars

Unlike atrophic scars, hypertrophic scars are red and rise above the skin. It’s important to note that these scars don’t spread beyond the spot where the injury occurred. A hypertrophic scar is a wide, thick, often raised scar that develops where the skin is injured. These types of scars are a result of an abnormal response to a trauma or injury. They can be caused by injury and irritation, including insect bites, burns, surgeries, vaccinations, skin piercings, acne, folliculitis, chicken pox, and herpes zoster infection, according to research. Possible treatments include steroid injections and laser surgery to improve the appearance of hypertrophic scarring.


These scars are often lumpy or rigid, and extend out from the skin, spreading beyond the spot where the injury occurred. They are caused by the overproduction of certain cells (scar tissue). The scar rises after an injury or condition has healed, such as a surgical incision. Keloids usually grow on the shoulder, upper chest and back, earlobes, breastbone, and face. They can sometimes be bothersome or painful enough that you need medical treatment.

Contracture Scars

Contracture scars typically arise after the skin is burned. They cause tightening of the skin that can hinder mobility. Unlike the other scars mentioned above, contracture scars can go into muscles and nerves.

Use CYRx MD Skincare Scar Treatment System

If you’re interested in reducing the appearance of your scars, you will want to use a clinically-tested treatment system like ours over at CYRx MD Skincare. The Post-Procedure/Scar Treatment System is made for surgical wounds, irritation, inflammation, and more. Our system is formulated as a treatment regimen for fragile skin before or after surgical procedures.

The system includes four amazing products: a Sun Defense that provide defense against the sun's damaging UVA-aging and UVB-burning rays, an Ultra Recovery Cream that soothes the skin, removes irritation and reduces redness, Tretinol that helps to normalize the physiology of the skin to make it more healthy and radiant, and lastly a Restorative Cream that contains calming emollients relieve redness, irritation, and so much more! 

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